Explore photos of various new deck styles to inspire your next renovation
The need for outdoor leisurely space has never been greater; and a distinctive style patio customized to your needs and tastes, easily fills this demand for your home and garden. The biggest considerations that most homeowners will face are determining the size of the patio, the materials that it will be constructed with, including, whether it will be enclosed, with glass windows and a door; or just remain open to the elements, with a stand up umbrella. Additionally, they can serve many functions, if you know what to plan for before you build.
Most are constructed using stone, concrete, brick and even wood; or, a combination of these and other materials. They can be ground level, elevated a few inches to a few feet off the ground; and, attached to the house or free standing, or situated somewhere else in your yard. Their size can range from a 10x10 foot area, to anything beyond; depending on your space and budget!
Pressure treated wood is the most popular material used in the construction of a patio deck; which is a particular type of patio built with a deck, incorporating wooden benches, customized wood boxes for flowers; and if elevated, with railings, privacy fences, including, a set of steps to the ground.
Generally speaking, patios are usually paved spaces; with interlocking bricks, flagstone slabs, concrete foundations, and the most popular, patio stones. These can be made from concrete and very heavy, in the 2x2 foot sizes; or, made from a lighter more durable synthetic material, requiring them to be secured below ground level, with their tops flush to the grass of your yard.
In the creation of this type of leisurely space, most experts agree that planning and design ahead of time can save the homeowner wasted time and money. The cost to build a small patio (10x10) out of patio stones will be the least expensive route. This simple design uses the 2x2 foot patio stone, that's 25 pieces in all; which can be spaced as needed, a few inches apart, and used as the base for your patio on-top; additionally, they can be filled with patio related furniture and furnishings, including, comfortable lounge chairs for deep backyard relaxing.
Patios can also be created using natural stone slabs like flagstone, granite, and even, colored and stamped concrete, formed and poured as needed to create any shape of any size. This poured concrete should have a minimum 4-6 inch large stone base, and be built just as soundly as your driveway.
A civil engineer had this to say on Yahoo Answers, â€œOne critical thing is that the contractor MUST compact the ground under it very thoroughly. Mesh works but re-bar is much better. If you use rebar, make sure to place them at least at 18 inches on center, each way (grid) and it must be in the middle of the slab. Concrete seats (little blocks) are best to place under the rebar to make sure the reinforcing doesn't move down. If they just pull it up while pouring, it WILL sink down and later crack. You also need to make sure they cut in expansion joints every 10 feet to control crackingâ€. Or less, if your patio is smaller.
Keep in mind that this patio can be extremely heavy and can up-heave during winter. It should be built by a professional contractor that has done many of these before, and knows how to make them last.